Fish Nutrition & Physiology Division

Fish Nutrition and Physiology Division

Staff:

Sl. No.

Name, designation and Research interest

1

Dr. S. S. Giri, Head of Division

·         Lipid nutrition and Fish oil replacement

·         Micronutrients interactions

·         Nutrigenomics

·         Farm-made feeds in aquaculture

2

Dr. P.V Rangacharyulu, Principal Scientist

·         Development of cost-effective feed

·         Feed Technology

3

Dr. B.N. Paul, Principal Scientist

·         Nutrient profiling of freshwater fishes

·         Larval feed development

4

Dr. K.N. Mohanta, Principal Scientist

·         Feeding strategy in aquaculture

·         Protein and amino acid Nutrition

5

Dr. K. C. Das, Principal Scientist

·         Feed processing and feed technology

 

6

Dr. S. C. Rath, Principal Scientist

·         Non-conventional feed uses in aquaculture

 

7

Dr. A. Saha, Principal Scientist

·         Climate change and Reproductive physiology

·         Nutrigenomics

8

Ms. Rakhi Kumari, Scientist

·          Nutrient digestion and digestive enzyme

·         Ontogeny of digestive systems

9

Mr. Nitish Kumar Chandan, Scientist

·         Nutrition and feeding of airbreathing fishes

10

Dr. Siddaiah G. M.

·         Alternative protein sources and metabolism

·         Functional feed additives

 

  1. Technical staff

Sl. No.

Name and designation

1

S. Nayak

·         Feed machinery and feed production

2

A. K. Behera

·         Outdoor aquaculture  system management

Mandate:

  • Study the feeding behavior, nutrient requirements and development of feeds for different life stages of freshwater fish and shellfish
  • Study the physiological mechanism of reproduction, digestion, energy metabolism and stress in freshwater species

Thrust areas:

  • Macro and micronutrients requirements for various life stages of commercially important freshwater fishes
  • Larval, grow-out and broodstock nutrition
  • Development of feeds and feeding protocols for freshwater fishes
  • Development and evaluation of alternative feeds for aquaculture sustainability
  • Nutrigenomic studies in fish
  • Functional feed additive/nutraceuticals for growth and health in freshwater fishes
  • Development of feed processing technology for improving the feeds and nutrients efficiency
  • Nutrient profiling of culture and wild fish
  • Reproductive physiology in fishes
  • Climate change impacts and mitigation strategy
  • Nutrient profiling of culture and wild fish

Salient achievements:

  • Studied the nutrient requirements and developed feeds for larval, grow-out and bloodstock of Indian Major Carps, catfishes and freshwater prawn.
  • Unconventional feed ingredients are identified, screened, detoxified and sustainable aquafeeds are developed through different processing technologies.
  • Studied the nutrient-gene interactions in polyunsaturated fatty acids metabolism and developed exclusive plant ingredient-based feeds, replacing fishmeal and fish oil in carp diets
  • Region specific farm-made feeds developed for freshwater aquaculture to reduce feed cost
  • Identified/developed a number of feed additives and evaluated in fish feeds
  • Developed Feed Standards for carps, catfish and prawn through Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and ICAR
  • Developed offseason breeding techniques for carps through photo-thermal manipulation, for round the year seed production

Service offered

  • Feed formulation, feed preparation and feeding demonstrations to farmers
  • Classroom and off campus training to the stakeholders
  • Feed analysis for government departments, research institutions and private entrepreneurs
  • Feed production and supply

Infrastructure/units:

  • National Feed Testing and Referral Laboratory
  • Nutrient Digestibility study lab
  • Climatology laboratory
  • Extruder Feed Mill
  • Feed evaluation facility (Wet labs and ponds)
  • Protein and Amino Acid lab
  • Lipid and Fatty acid lab
  • Mineral lab
  • Vitamin lab
  • Energy Metabolism Laboratory
  • Feed Evaluation lab
  • Fish Physiology Laboratory
  • Nutrigenomics Laboratory

Technology/product/publication:

Products:

  • CIFABROODTM (Carp broodstock feed)
  • CIFACA (Carp grow-out feed)
  • CIFAMA (Magur fingerling feed)
    • Starter M (Magur larval feed)
    • Starter Pangas (Pangas larval feed)
    • Pangas grow-I (Pangas fry feed)
    • Pangas grow-II (Pangas fingerling feed)
    • Pangas grow-out floating feed
    • GRAM-CA-FEED (Grow-out farm-made feed for carp)
    • Carp nursery (fry) feed
    • Floating carp feed

Recent Publications

  1. Pradhan, C., Giri, S.S., Mohanty, T.K. and Mohanty, S.N. 2020. Influence of a diet containing plant ingredients at different levels on growth performance, carcass biochemical composition, and blood parameters in Indian major carps grown in polyculture earthen ponds. Tropical Animal Health and Production.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-02184-7
  2. Nayak, M., Giri, S.S., Pradhan, A., Samanta, M. and Saha, A. 2019.  Effects of dietary α‐linolenic acid/linoleic acid ratio on growth performance, tissue fatty acid profile, serum metabolites and Δ6 fadand elovl5 gene expression in silver barb (Puntius gonionotus). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10177
  3. Paul, B.N., Bhowmick, S., Singh, P., Chanda, S., Sridhar, N. and Giri, S.S. 2019. Seasonal Variations in Proximate Composition of Nine Freshwater Fish. Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 36 (1): 65-72. doi: 10.5958/2231-6744.2019.00011.2
  4. Dash, L., Kumar, R., Mohanta, K.N., Mohanty, U.L., Pillai, B.R. and Sundaray, J.K., Effect of feeding frequency on growth, feed utilization and cannibalism in climbing perch, Anabas testudineus (Bloch 1792) fry. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 66: 106-111, 2019.
  5. Das, KC, Mohanta, KN, Nayak, SK, Mohanty, S, Sahoo, PK, Swain, P. A Nursery Feed for Indian Major Carps (Labeo rohita) and its Evaluation in Farmer's Field. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 36 (4): 377-381.
  6. Nayak, K.C., Rath, S.C., Giri, S.S. and Mohanta, K.N. 2018. Evaluation of Dhaincha seed (Sesbania aculeata) as a  Non-conventional feed ingredient  for  Labeo rohita (Ham.) fry. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 6(2):272-279
  7. Nayaka ,M., Saha, A., Pradhan, A., Samanta, M., Mohantya, T. K., Giri, S. S. 2018.  Influence of dietary lipid levels on growth, nutrient utilization, tissue fatty acid composition and desaturase gene expression in silver barb (Puntius gonionotous) fingerlings. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B 226: 18–25
  8. Paul, B.N., Bhowmick, S., Chanda, S., Sridhar, N. and Giri, S.S. 2018. Nutritional Values of Minor carps. SAARC J Agri. 16(1): 215-231. DOI:
  9. Paul, B.N.,Bhowmick, S., Chanda, S., Sridhar, N. and Giri, S.S. 2018. Nutrient Profile of five Freshwater Fish Species. SAARC J Agri. 16(2): 25-41. DOI:
  10. Pradhan, C., Giri, S. S., Mohanty, S. N. 2018. Effect of Different Feeding Levels of Plant-ingredient-based Feed on Fillet Fatty Acid Profile, Carcass Trait, and Sensory Characteristics of Indian Major Carps in Earthen Pond Polyculture. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society.
  11. Pradhan, A. Nayak, M., Samanta, M., Panda, R.P., Rath, S.C., Giri, S. S.,  Saha, A. 2018. Gonadotropin receptors of Labeo rohita: Cloning and characterization of full length cDNAs and their expression analysis during annual reproductive cycle. General and Comparative Endocrinology,263: 21–31.
  12. Singh, P., Paul,B.N. and Giri, S.S. 2018. Potentiality of new feed ingredients for Aquaculture: A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 39(4): 282-291.
  13. Nayak, M., Pradhan, A., Giri, S. S., Samanta, M., Konkimalla, V. B. 2018. Molecular characterization, tissue distribution and differential nutritional regulation of putative Elovl5 elongase in silver barb (Puntius gonionotus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 217: 27-39.
  14. KC Das, KN Mohanta, SK Nayak, T Mohanty, S Toppo, P Swain. 2018. Effect of Extrusion Temperature on Quality of Carp Floating Feed Prepared from Local Feed Resources. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 18 (1), 117-123
  15. Nayak, M., Saha, A., Pradhan, A, Samanta, M., Giri, S. S. 2017. Dietary fish oil replacement by linseed oil: Effect on growth, nutrient utilization, tissue fatty acid composition and desaturase gene expression in silver barb (Puntius gonionotus) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 205: 1–12.
  16. Rath, S.C., K.C. Nayak, T.K. Mohanty, C. Devaraj, N. K. Chandan, K.N. Mohanta and S.S. Giri, 2017. Evaluation of mahua oilcake (Bassia latifoliaRoxb.) as a non-conventional feed ingredient for Labeo rohita (Ham.) fingerlings . Indian J. Fish., 64(2): 33-39,  
  17. Rath S. C., K. Mohanta, K. C.  Nayak, C. Pradhan, T.K.Mohanty, S. Sarkar and S. S.  Giri, 2017. Evaluation of processed rain tree (Samanea saman) pod meal as a non-conventional ingredient in   the diet of Catla catla fry. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 17: 323-332.
  18. Rath S.C., K.C. Nayak, C. Pradhan, T.K.Mohanty, S. Sarkar, S.Toppo, and S.S. Giri, 2017. Evaluation of polanga (Calophylum innophylum) oil cake as a non-conventional ingredient in Labeo rohita(Ham.) fingerling feed. Indian J. Fish., 64 (special issue): 75-82.
  19. Paul, B. N., Chanda, S., Bhowmick, S., Sridhar, N., Saha, G.S., Giri, S. S. 2017. Nutrient profile of indian climbing perch, Anabas testudineus. SAARC J. Agri., 15(1): 99-109.
  20. Singh, P., Paul, B.N., Rana, G.C., Mandal, R.N., Chakrabarti, P.P., Giri, S.S. 2017. Incorporation of ghee residue as a feed ingredient for Labeo rohita Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 17: 127-136.
  21. Chanda, S., Samanta, A., Paul, B.N., Ghosh, K., Giri, S.S. 2017. Effect of Dietary Iron Level on Growth Performance and Enzyme Activity in Rohu (Labeo rohita Hamilton) Fingerlings. Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 34 (2): 224-228.
  22. Mohanty, S., Panda, N., Panigrahi, B., Swain, R. K.,Dash, S. K., Mishra, A., Giri, S. S.2017. Feeding pattern, metabolic status and milk composition of Chilika buffaloes in their natural habitat. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 87 (5): 610–618.
  23. Paul, B. N., Giri, S. S., Chanda, S, Rath, S. C. and Datta, A. K. 2017. Farm-made feed polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) rich carp production in India: A case study. SAARC J. Agri., 15 (2): 45-55.
  24. Mohanta, KN., Rath, SC., Nayak, KC., Pradhan, C.,  Mohanty, TK., Giri, SS. 2017. Effect of restricted feeding and refeeding on compensatory growth, nutrient utilization and gain, production performance and whole-body composition of carp cultured in earthen pond. Aquaculture Nutrition, 23(3):460-469.
  25. Kamble, SP., Das, PC., Parida, KC., Mohanta, KN. 2017. Effect of dietary incorporation of fish/prawn meal on performance of Catla catla (Hamilton) during nursery phase. Indian J. Fish., 64(1): 44-48.
  26. Nayak, AP., Misra, SK., Nanda, S., Mohanta, KN., Satpathy, D., Mishra, RN., Siddaiah, GM. 2017. Evaluation of nutritionally enhanced feed through microbial fermentation on growth and survival of fingerlings of Labeo rohita (Hamilton). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 5(4): 458-462.
  1. Saha, A., Pradhan, A, Sengupta, S., Nayak, M., Samanta, M., Sahoo, L., Giri, S. S. 2016. Molecular characterization of two kiss genes and their expression in rohu (Labeo rohita) during annual reproductive cycle. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 191:135-145.
  2. Giri, S. S.; Graham, J., Hamid, N.K. A., Donald, J. A. and Turchini,G.M. Dietary micronutrients and in vivo n-3 LC-PUFA biosynthesis in Atlantic salmon. Aquaculture 452: 416–425.
  3. Mohanta, K.N., Rath, S. C., Nayak, K.C., Pradhan, C.,Mohanty, T. K., Giri, S. S. 2016. Effect of restricted feeding and refeeding on compensatory growth, nutrient utilization and gain, production performance and whole body composition of carp cultured in earthen pond. Aquaculture Nutrition.
  4. Paul, B.N., S. Chanda, N. Sridhar, G.S. Saha, and S.S. Giri, 2016. Proximate, mineral and vitamin contents of Indian Major Carp. Ind. J. Anim. Nutr., 33(1): 102-107.
  5. Singh, P., B.N. Paul, G. Rana, and S.S. Giri, 2016. Evaluation of Jute Leaf as feed ingredient for Labeo rohita Ind. J. Anim. Nutr., 33(2): 203-207.
  6. Paul, B.N., S. Chanda, N. Sridhar, G.S. Saha, and S.S. Giri, 2016. Fatty acid, Amino acid and Vitamin composition of Indian Catfish, Magur (Clarias batrachus) and Singhi (Heteropneustes fossilis). SAARC Journal of Agriculture, 14(2): 189-199.
  7. Paul, B.N., Chanda, S., Das, S., Sridhar, N., Saha, G.S. and Giri, S.S. 2015.Seasonal Variation in Proximate and Mineral Composition of Koi, (Anabas testudineus, Bloch 1792). Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology15: 465-470.
  8. Paul, B.N. and Giri, S.S. 2015. Evaluation of Plant-based Attractants in the Diets of Labeo rohita Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology 15: 289-294.
  9. Paul, B.N., Chanda, S., Sridhar, N., Saha, G.S. and Giri,S.S. 2015. Fatty Acid Profile of Indian Major Carp. Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 32 (2): 221-226.
  10. Nayak, M., Saha, A., Giri, S. S. 2015. Fatty Acid Profile of Fillet and Liver and Proximate Composition of Puntius gonionotus and Puntius Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 32 (4): 433-438.
  11. Paul, B. N. and Giri, S. S. 2015. Fresh Water Aquaculture Nutrition Research in India. Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 32 (2): 113-125 (Review).
  12. Chanda, S., Paul, B.N., Ghosh, K. and Giri, S.S. 2015. Dietary essentiality of trace minerals in aquaculture: A Review. Agricultural Review, 36 (2) 2015 : 100-112.
  13. Singh, P., Paul, B.N. Ranar, G.C, Mandal R.N., Chakrabarti, P.P. and Giri, S. S. 2015.Evaluation of Ghee Residue as Feed ingredient for Labeo rohita. Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 32 (l): l0l- 107.
  14. Sarkar, S., Mohanty, S.N., Nayak, K.C., Pradhan, C., Mohanta, K.N. and Devaraj, C., 2015. Protein requirement of IR-Jayanti (Labeorohita) fingerlings. International Journal of Fisheries & Aquaculture (Accepted for publication).
  15. S Sarkar, S N Mohanty, KC Nayak, C Pradhan, KN Mohanta, C Devaraj. 2015. Protein requirement of IR- Jayanti (Labeo rohita) fingerlings. J. Fish. Aquat. Stud., 3(2):324-330.
  16. C. Das, S. Toppo, T. Mohanty, C. Pradhan, K.N. Mohanta and  S. S. Giri, 2015. Cost effective floating feeds for Indian Major Carps (lMC) by replacement of soybean meal with alterative feed ingredients. Indian Journal of Animal Research(Accepted for publication).
  17. Das, K.C., Toppo, S., Mohanty, T. K., Pradhan, C., Giri, S. S. 2014.Cost effective floating feeds for Indian Major Carps (IMC) by replacement of soyabean meal with alternative feed ingredients. Indian Journal of Animal Research. Print ISSN:0367-6722 / Online ISSN:0976-0555.
  18. Paul,B.N.,S. Chanda, N. Sridhar, G.S. Saha,. and S.S. Giri, 2015. Proximate and mineral composition of Magur (Clariasbatrachus) and Singhi (Heteropneustesfossilis). Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 32 (4): 453-456.
  19. Sahoo, S. K., Giri, S. S., Paramanik, M., Ferosekhan. S. 2015. Larval age at stocking, growth, and survival during fingerling production of the endangered sun catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 27:2, 144-149.

Intellectual property (IP) developed:

IP

Title

Patentee

Status

Description

Patent

A method and an apparatus for developing gonadal maturity in   carp

 

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Granted

Patent number: 275820

 

Date of Grant: 22.09.2016

Trademark

CIFABROODTM

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Granted and commercialized

Patent number: 1792420

 

Date of Grant: 05.03.2009