Aquaculture Production and Environment Division

AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION

Objectives & Goals

  • Technology development for breeding, seed production and grow-out culture of important cultivable freshwater fin fishes and shellfishes.
  • Develop new culture systems for freshwater aquaculture.
  • Techniques for improved soil and water quality management for higher production.
  • Dissemination of developed technologies through training and demonstration.

Major Areas of Research

  • Captive broodstock development, breeding, seed production and culture of carps, barbs, murrels, koi, magur, pangas, pabda, freshwater prawn, ornamental fishes and freshwater mussel.
  • New diversified system development for production of varied fish and shellfish species- Aquaponics, Biofloc, FIMTA, RAS, etc.
  • Soil and water quality management for higher production.
  • Water budget modeling of freshwater fish production system.
  • Technology development for climate resilient aquaculture

Staff strength of APED (HQ)

ATEGORY

IN POSITION

Scientific Staff

HoD

1

Principal Scientist

7

Senior Scientist

2

Scientist

8

Technical Staff

Sr. Technical officer

4

Technical Assistant

4

Supporting Staff

Skilled Supporting Staff

18

SRF/JRF/TA/LA

8

Contractual labourer

47

Scientific staffs

Sl.No.

Name

Designation

Specialization

1.        

Dr. B.R. Pillai

HOD

Prawn Breeding & Culture

2.      

Dr. S.K. Swain

Principal Scientist

Ornamental fish Breeding & Culture

3.      

Dr. (Mrs.) P. K. Sahoo

Principal Scientist

Carp Culture

4.      

Dr. S.K. Sahoo

Principal Scientist

Catfish Breeding & culture

5.      

Dr. P. Routray

Principal Scientist

Carp & Tilapia Breeding & hatchery management/ Cryopreservation

6.      

Dr. B.C. Mohapatra

Principal Scientist

Plastics in Aquaculture

7.      

Dr. P.C. Das

Principal Scientist

Carp culture

8.      

Dr. S.N.Sethi

Principal Scientist

Carp culture

9.      

Dr. S. Saurabh

Senior Scientist

Pearl culture

10.   

Dr. Rajesh Kumar

Senior Scientist

Air Breathing fish culture

11.     

Dr. D. Panda

Scientist

Prawn Breeding & culture

12.   

Dr. S. Sarkar

Scientist

Soil & Water chemistry

13.   

Mr. S. Ferosekhan

Scientist

Catfish Breeding & culture

14.   

Dr. Pankaj K. Tiwari

Scientist

Soil & Water chemistry

15.   

Mr. K.  Anantharaja

Scientist

Carp Breeding

16.   

Dr. Sunil S. Ail

Scientist

Ornamental fish Breeding & culture

17.   

Ms. Sweta Pradhan

Scientist

Pearl culture

18.   

Mr Jackson Debbarma

Scientist

Air Breathing fish Breeding & culture; Fish health management


Technical Staffs

Sl. No

NAME

Designation

1

Dr. D.K. Verma

Asst. Chief Technical Officer

2

Er. P.B. Bhakat

 Sr. Technical Officer

3

Dr. B. Mishra

Sr. Technical Officer

4

Mr. Sovan Sahu

Technical Officer

5

Mr. S. K. Nayak

Technical Officer

6

Mr. Suresh Panda

Technical Officer

7

Mr. D. Mahji

Technical Officer

8

Mr. L. Muduli

Technical Officer

9

Mr. A. Mohammad

Technical Officer

10

Mr.B. Rao

Technical Assistant


Salient Achievements:

  1. Captive breeding and seed production

The Captive breeding and seed production technology for the following species was developed

  • Multiple breeding of Indian Major Carps (IMC); catla, rohu & mrigal
  • Carp: Labeo fimbriatus, L. gonius, Puntius sarana. P. pulchelus, P.gonionotus and Osteobrama belangeri
  • Catfish:,Clarias magur, Pangasius pangasius, Rita chrysea, Horabagras brachysoma and Mystus cavasius.
  • Freshwater mussel: Lamellidens marginalis
  • Air breathing fishes: Anabas testudineus, Channa striata, marulius
  • Ornamental fishes: Dawkinsia tambraparniei, Dawkinsia filamentosa, Pethia narayani, Trichogaster chuna
  • Freshwater prawns: Macrobrachium rosenbergii, malcolmsonii
  • Cryopreservation of carp gametes and stock upgradation using cryomilt
  1. Selective breeding
  • First family based selective breeding programme was undertaken in freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii and produced 11th generation of selectively bred prawn with a selection response ranging from 4 to 7% per generation.
  • Shining barb (Pethia conchonius) developed by mass selection method
  1. Grow-out Culture:
  • Carp:

Intercropping model for minor carps and barbs

Intensive carp culture with production levels of 10-15 tonnes/ha/yr

  • Catfish: Magur production of 2-3 t/ha/yr
  • Air breathing fishes: Climbing perch production of 2.5 t/ha/yr and murrel production of 3.0 t/ha/yr
  • Ornamental fishes: Culture of indigenous ornamental fishes in captive condition
  • Freshwater prawn: Semi-intensive culture with a production of 1.0 to 1.5 tonnes /ha/year
  1. Technology for freshwater pearl production
  • Developed technology for Designer pearl production as well as round pearls from freshwater mussel Lamellidens marginalis
  1. Aquatic environment:
  • Nutrient budget (C, N and P) for carp culture practices
  • Carbon footprint and carbon sequestration for aquaculture systems
  • Developed a portable mini-lab for water and sediment analysis for freshwater aquaculture
  1. System Diversification
  • Aquaponics: Pilot scale NFT aquaponics system and media bed aquaponics system has been developed
  • Recirculatory Aquaculture System (RAS): RAS system for broodstock development and seed rearing of air breathing fishes
  • Freshwater Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture system (FIMTA): FIMTA system has been developed for production of fish, prawn, mussel and edible aquatic plants.
  1. Farm/lab/hatchery gadgets & mechanization
  • Manual Cryo freezer
  • Mechanical applicator
  • Portable FRP hatchery for carps and catfishes.
  • Demand fish feeder

Services offered

  • Water and soil quality testing for fish farmers

Infrastructure/Units

The division has excellent infrastructure for breeding and culture of finfish and shellfishes. The important infrastructure facilities include:

Hatcheries for

  • Major Carp and minor carps
  • Catfish
  • Air breathing fishes (Murrels and Anabas)
  • Freshwater prawns
  • Ornamental fishes
  • Tilapia
  • Concrete Nursery systems of various sizes
  • Earthen ponds of various size and shapes
  • Laboratory for soil and water quality measurements
  • Recirculatory Aquaculture System
  • Aquaponics Unit
  • Cryolab

Patents

Sl. No.

Title & patent No.

Inventor(s)

Date of patent grant

1

Mechanical Pond applicator (design)

Patent No. 251022

P. C. Das, J. K. Jena, N. Sarangi, S. Ayyappan

21.5.2007

2

A manually operated low cost handy cryofreezer for gamete cryopreservation.

Patent No. 251022

P. Routray, S.D. Gupta, S.C. Rath, N. Sarangi

16/02/2012

3

Mechanical fish harvestor (design)

K. K.Sharma, C.D.Sahoo, S.Chand, S.K.Nayak, B.Sarkar and N Sarangi

18.09.2015

4

Spring-less apparatus for holding pearl bivalves during a pearl production surgical operation

No.  201731011799A

Dr. Shailesh Saurabh, Dr. Rajesh Kumar, Dr. U. L. Mohanty, Ms. Sweta Pradhan

05.10.2018

5

An improved aeration device for large aquaculture pond

Patent No. 313754

Dr.Hardial Singh and Dr. S.K.Swain

04.06.2019


Technologies commercialized

Name of the technology commercialized

Name of the public / private Agency

Period*

Revenue sharing Arrangement

Revenue earned / year (Institute Shared

FRP Portable Carp Hatchery

M. R. Aquatech, Bhubaneswar, Orissa

 22/02/2013-2020

Exclusive

₹ 13,15000.00/-+Royality

Manual cryofreezer for gamete cryopreservation

M/S Biotechnika,

Bhubaneswar

24/02/2012

Exclusive

2, 49,000/-


Technologies available for commercialization

Sl. No.

Technology / Know-how

1.         

Mobile fish vending trolley for hygienic fish marketing

2.        

Mechanical Pond applicator

3.        

A diesel operated new aeration device for large aquaculture ponds

4.        

Portable mini carp hatchery

5.        

FRP demand fish feeder

6.        

Biofert and Planktofert

7.        

Broodstock diet for murrel


Technology Transfer

  • Created alternative livelihood through fish based farming system in tribal areas/ hamlets and north eastern states through STC/TSP, SCSP and NEH programme.
  • Demonstration of breeding and culture of diversified freshwater fishes at different states of India
  • Improved aquaculture technologies were transferred to the farming community and various state government officials through training programme, consultancy programmes, Radio and TV programmes.

Recent publications

  • Das, P.C., Sahoo, P.K., Mohanty, S., Mishra, M. and Swain, S.K. 2020. Growth performance of pengba, Osteobrama belangeri (Valenciennes, 1844) and water quality changes during fingerling rearing with varied stocking density in large outdoor concrete tanks. Aquac. Res. 51: 982-988.
  • Ferosekhan, S., Sahoo, S.K., Radhakrishnan, K., Velmurugan, P., Shamna, N., Giri, S.S. and Pillai, B.R., 2020. Influence of rearing tank colour on Asian catfish, magur (Clarias magur) and pangas (Pangasius pangasius) larval growth and survival. Aquaculture, 521, p.735080.
  • Mohapatra, S., Kumar, R., Patnaik, S. T., Mishra, C. S., Sahoo, L., & Sundaray, J. K. 2020. Changes in ovary and testis and breeding fitness of the climbing perch, Anabas testudineus (Bloch, 1792), exposed to sub‐lethal concentrations of monocrotophos. Aquac. Res. 14657
  • Sweta Pradhan, Shailesh Saurabh, Nandini Padhi, Tarkeshwar Kumar, Rajesh Kumar, U. L. Mohanty and J. K. Sundaray. 2020. Length-weight, width-weight and height-weight relationships of cultured freshwater pearl mussel, Lamellidens marginalis (Lamarck, 1819). Indian J. Fish., 67(1): 157-160.
  • Das, P.C., Sahoo, P.K., Kamble, S.P., Murmu, K. and Basudha, C., 2019. Compatibility of pengba, Osteobrama belangeri (Valenciennes) with Indian major carps and evaluation of its ideal incorporation level in carp polyculture system in planes of India. Aquaculture. DOI: 10.1016.734845
  • Sahoo, S. K., Ferosekhan, S., Giri, S.S., Radhakrishnan, K., Panda, D., SriHari, M. and Pillai B. R. 2019. Length–weight relationship and growth performance of different life stages of hatchery‐produced magur, Clarias magur (Hamilton, 1822). Aquac. Res., 50: 1431-1436.
  • Das, P.C., Kamble, S.P. 2019. Optimising water requirement of nursery rearing of rohu, Labeo rohita (Hamilton,1822) in large outdoor concrete tanks: influence of water depth on seed performance. Indian J. Fish. 66(4), pp.151-156.
  • Lipsha Dash, Rajesh Kumar, Kedar Nath Mohanta, Utkal Laxmi Mohanty, Bindu R. Pillai and Jitendra Kumar Sundaray. 2019. Effect of feeding frequency on growth, feed utilization and cannibalism in climbing perch, Anabas testudineus (Bloch 1792) fry.  Indian J. Fish., 66(1): 106-111.
  • Sweta Pradhan, SS Dey, S Samantaray, Nandini Padhi, PK Tiwari and Shailesh Saurabh 2019. Efficacy of certain chemicals against leech, Glossiphonia complanata (L) on freshwater pearl mussel Lamellidens marginalis (L). J. of Ent. Zool.Studies; 7(6): 637-641.
  • Swain S.K., Sahoo S., Patra P. and Bairwa M.K. 2018 Standardization of stocking density of Cyprinus Carpio Var. Koi (Linnaeus, 1758), spawn Reared in non-aerated systems. Fish. Technol. 55 (2018) : 1-5
  • Kumar A., Pradhana, P.K., Das, P.C., Srivastava, S.M., Lal, K.K., Jena, J.K.. 2018. Growth performance and compatibility of pacu, Piaractus brachypomus with Indian major carps in polyculture system. Aquaculture, 490, 236-239.
  • Pradhan, Sweta, Shailesh Saurabh and J. K. Sundaray. 2019. Designer Pearl Production in freshwater: an upcoming technology. Indian Farming, 69(4): 56-59.
  • S Adhikari, Chaudhury Ajit Keshav, Gangadhar Barlaya, Ramesh Rathod, RN Mandal, Sarosh Ikmail, GS Saha, HK De, I Sivaraman, AS Mahapatra, S Sarkar, P Routray, Bindu R Pillai, JK Sundaray 2018. Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies of Climate Change Impact in Freshwater Aquaculture in some states of India. Journal of Fisheries Sciences. Com; 12(1):16-21.
  • Sahoo, S.K., Ferosekhan, S., Giri, S.S., Paramanik, M. and Radhakrishnan, K. 2018. Reports on common deformities in induced bred Horabagrus brachysoma larvae. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 6(3): 462-465.
  • Ferosekhan, S., Sahoo, S.K., Giri, S.S., Das, B.K., Pillai, B.R., Das, P.C. 2018. Broodstock development, captive breeding and seed production of bagrid catfish, Mahanadi rita, Rita chrysea (Day, 1877). Aquaculture, 503: 339-346.
  • Jesna, P.K., Pillai, B.R., N. Naik and H. Pradhan. 2018. Biofilm formed on different natural substrates enhances the growth and survival in Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man 1879) juveniles. Indian J. Fish., 65(1):55-58.
  • Sangeeta Kumari, Tiwari V. K., Babitha Rani A. M., Rajesh Kumar* and Satya Praksah. 2018. Effect of feeding rate on growth, survival and cannibalism in striped snakehead Channa striata (Bloch, 1793) fingerlings. J. Exp. Zool. India Vol 21, No 1, pp 205-210.
  • Sahu, B.B., N.K. Barik, P. Routray, A. Agnibesh, A.Paikaray, S. Mohapatra and J.K. Sundaray,2017. Comparative studies on carcass characteristics of marketable size farmed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and silver barb(Puntius gonionotus). Int. J. Fish. Aquat. Stud.,5(2): 06-09.
  • Bindu R. Pillai, Lalrinsanga, P.L., Ponzoni, R.W., Khaw, H.L., Mahapatra, K.D., Mohanty,  S.,  Patra, G., Naik, N., Pradhan,  H. and P. Jayasankar. 2017. Phenotypic and Genetic Parameters for Body Traits in the Giant Freshwater Prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) in India. Aquac. Res. DOI: 10.1111/are.1339.
  • Adhikari, S., K.C. Pani, R.N. Mandal, P.P. Chakrabarti, B.S. Giri and P. Jayasankar, 2017. Water budgets for freshwater fish ponds of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal, India. Water Sci.Technol.: Water Supply, 17(3): 835-841.
  • Anantharaja K., BC Mohapatra, BR Pillai, Rajesh Kumar, C Devaraj and D Majhi, 2017. Growth and survival of climbing perch, Anabas testudineus in Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) Aquaponics System, Int. J. Fish. Aquat. Stud., 2017; 5(4): 24-29.
  • Mishra, G., Patra, S., Dash, S.K., Verma, D.K. and Routray, P., 2017. In vitro storage of fish oocytes: effect of storage temperature, media conditions and storage duration on fertilization and larval hatchability of Indian major carp, rohu (Labeo rohita). Aquac. Res., 48(5), pp.2486-2494.
  • Mohapatra, B.C., Lasky Das, S.K. Mahanta, H. Sahu, P. Sahoo, S. Lenka and K. Anantharaja 2017. Oxygen consumption in fry and fingerling stages of Indian major carps analysed using indigenously developed respirometer. Indian J. Fish., 64(1): 91-94.
  • Mohapatra, B.C., H. Sahu, S.K. Mahanta, S. Lenka, K.Anantharaja and P. Jayasankar, 2016. Growth of periphyton on different plastic materials in freshwater medium. Adv. Appl. Sci. Res., 7(4):228-234.
  • Mohapatra, B.C., S.K. Mahanta, H. Sahu, D. Majhi and N.K. Barik, 2016. Induced breeding of Indian major carps in FRP hatchery at farmer's field. Intl. Res. J. Nat. Appl. Sci., 3(5): 249-257.
  • Mandal, B., R. Kumar* and P. Jayasankar, 2016. Efficacy of exogenous hormone (GnRHa) forinduced breeding of climbing perch Anabas  testudineus (Bloch, 1792) and influence ofoperational sex ratio on spawning success. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 171: 114–120.
  • Adhikari, S., K.C. Pani, and P. Jayasankar, 2016. Water budget for carp culture ponds in Odisha, India. Water Res. Manag., 6(3): 35-38.
  • Kamble, S.P., P. C. Das, K. C. Parida and K. N. Mohanta,2016. Effect of dietary incorporation offish/prawn meal on performance of Catla catla (Hamilton) during nursery phase. Indian J. Fish., 64: 44-48.
  • Kavitha, M., S. Adhikari, K.K. Anikuttan and D.L.Prabu, 2016. Effect of lime, dolomite andgypsum on phosphorus reduction potential in freshwater. Intl. J. Appl. Pure Sci. Agricul. (IJAPSA), 2(10): 44-50.
  • Mohapatra, B. C., P. Sahoo, D. Majhi, K. Anantharaja and P. Jayasankar, 2016. Design & development of FRP mobile fish vending trolley for hygienic fish marketing. Int. J. Agricult. Biol.Engineer., 9(1): 19-23.
  • Anikuttan, K.K., S. Adhikari, M. Kavitha, and P.Jayasankar, 2016. Carbon sequestration capacity of sediments, algae, and zooplankton from freshwater aquaculture ponds. Environ. Monit. Assess., 188: 422-426.
  • Mohapatra, B.C. and P. Sahoo, 2016. Design and development of acrylic respirometer for study of oxygen consumption by fish seed. IRA-Int. J.Technol. Engineer., 5(1): 6-11.
  • Nayak, S., S. Ferosekhan, S.K. Sahoo, J.K. Sundaray, P.Jayasankar and H.K. Barman, 2016. Production of fertile sperm from in vitro propagating enriched spermatogonial stem cells of farmed catfish, Clarias batrachus. Zygote, 24(6): 814-824.
  • Patra, S., Mishra, G., Dash, S.K., Verma, D.K., Nandi, S., Jayasankar, P. and Routray, P., 2016. Transplantation worthiness of cryopreserved germ cells of Indian major carp rohu, Labeo rohita. Current Science, pp.739-746.
  • Bindu R. Pillai, Mahapatra, K.D.,  Ponzoni, R.W., Sahoo, L., Lalrinsanga, P.L., Mekkawy,W., Khaw, H.L., Nguyen,  N.H., Mohanty,  S.,  Sahu, S., Patra, G., 2015.  Survival, sex ratio, male morphotype distribution, female reproductive status and tag losses in crosses among three populations of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) in India. Aquac. Res. 46, 2644-2655.
  • Das, P. C., B. Mishra, B. K. Pati and S. S. Mishra, 2015. Critical water quality changes responsible for seed mortality during closed system fry transportation of Labeo rohita(Hamilton). Indian J. Fish., 62 (2): 39-42.
  • Das, P. C., J. K. Jena, B. Patro and D. Mohanta, 2015. High density rearing of rohu, Labeo rohita (Hamilton) from spawn to fry in concrete tanks: effect of daily feed ration and soil base on fry growth and survival. Aqua. Res. DOI: 10.1111/are.12847
  • Ferosekhan, S., S. K. Sahoo, S. S. Giri, A. Sahaand M. Paramanik, 2015. Embryonic and larval development of yellow tail catfish, Pangasius pangasius. J. Aquac. Res. Development, 6:343. doi: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000343.
  • Jena, J. K., P. C. Das, G. Mitra, B. Patro, D. Mohanta and B. Mishra, 2015. Evaluation of growth performance and compatibility of Labeo fimbriatus (Bloch, 1795) with major carps in polyculture system. Indian J. Fish., 62 (4) :45-49.
  • Kumar, R., Mukherjee, S. C., Ranjan, R., Vani, T., Brahmachari, R. K., & Nayak, S. K. 2015. Effect of dietary supplementation of Bacillus subtilis on haematological and immunological parameters of Catla catla (Hamilton). Aquac. Int. 23(5), 1275-1292.
  • Mohapatra, B. C., S. K. Mahanta, H. Sahu, P.Sahoo, P. Mandal, S. Kisku and D. Majhi, 2015. Water temperature enhancement in polyhouse tanks in a sub-tropical region during winter season. Int. J. Fish. Aquat. Stud.,3(1): 269-275.
  • Sahoo, S.K., S. Ferosekhan, A. Saha, S.S. Giri and M.Paramanik, 2016. Embryonic and larval development of an endangered catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma. Indian J. Animal Res., 51: 15-20.
  • Sahu, B. B., B. C. Mohapatra, N. K. Barik, H. Sahu,P. Sahoo, N. C. Biswal, P. K. Mohanty,U. L.Mohanty, S. K. Mahanta, P. Jayasankar, 2016.In-vitro assessment of plankton production using fish hydrolysate. Int. J. Inn. Stud. Aquat. Biol. Fish. 2(1): 14-24.
  • Sahu, B. B., B. R. Pillai, G. Patra, P. L., Lalrinsanga,S. Ferosekhan and P. Jayasankar, 2015.Weaning of Macrobrachium rosenbergii larvae from Artemia nauplii to fish gel food. Asian J. Anim. Sci., 10(1): 1-7.
  • Sahu, B. C., S. Adhikari, A. S. Mahapatra and L.Dey, 2015. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and carbon budgets in polyculture ponds of Indian major carps and giant freshwater prawn in Orissa state, India, J. Appl. Aqua., 27(4): 365-376.

Current Research Projects

Institute Projects

Sl.No.

Project Code and Title

PI

Duration

1.        

I-91-I: Development of Captive Breeding, Larval rearing and culture of Freshwater Pearl Mussel, Lamellidens marginalis

S. Saurabh

2017-21

2.      

I-91-J: Stock development of  indigenous Ornamental fish, Channa species of NE states

S. K. Swain

2017-21

3.      

I-98-A: Selective breeding & demonstration of improved breed of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii

B.R. Pillai

2018-21

4.      

I-98-B: Design and development of a Freshwater Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (FIMTA) system for selected cultivable aquatic species

D. Panda

2018-21

5.      

I-98-C: Effect of Zinc and Iron Enrichments on Freshwater Plankton Productivity and growth of improved Rohu (Labeo rohita H.)

P. K. Tiwari

2018-21

6.      

I-98-D: Protocol development for control of noxious algal bloom in culture ponds

S. Mohanty

2018-21

7.      

I-101: Protocol development for breeding and seed rearing of Mystus cavasius in captivity

S. K. Sahoo

2019-22

8.      

Inducing sterility in carps and tilapia using different biochemical agents

P.Routray

2020-23

9.      

Standardization of broodstock development and seed rearing of striped murrel, Channa striata in recircualtory aquaculture system

Rajesh Kumar

2020-23

10.   

Development of protocol for organic fish farming: A sustainable production approach in freshwater ecosystem

S. Sethi

2020-23


Externally Funded Projects

Sl.No.

Project Title

PI

Duration

Funding

Source

1.        

AICRP on Plasticulture Engineering and Technology Centre at ICAR-CIFA

B. C. Mohapatra

1988-continue

ICAR

2.      

Dissemination of minor carp production technology and its refinement for greater adoptability by the aquaculture farmers

P. C. Das

April 2018 – March 2021

NFDB

3.        

Consortia Research Platform on water: CIFA component 3.2: Water budgeting and enhancing water productivity by multiple use of water in different aquaculture production system

P.C. Das

Dec 2015- March 2021

ICAR

4.      

Network project on Ornamental fish breeding and culture (NPOFBC). CIFA Component: Breeding and culture of freshwater ornamental fishes, Trichogaster chuna and Dawkinsia assimilis

S.K. Swain

July 2018- March 2025

ICAR

5.      

Development of sustainable aquaculture practices through life cycle analysis (LCA) of selected aquaculture production systems and Yield gap analysis and performance evaluation of improved varieties of carp and freshwater prawn (ICAR-WorldFish Collaborative project)

 

B.R. Pillai

April 2019-

 March 2022

WorldFish